Facts about Agra
Area: 4082 sq. km.
Altitude : 169 m above sea level
Temperature : 21.9 °C – 45.0 °C
Rainfall : 66 cms
Season : March to October.
Clothing: Summer – Cottons; Winters – Woolens
Language: Hindi, English and Urdu.
How to get there
Air : Agra airport is 7 km from the city center and 3 km from Idgah Bus Stand. There are daily tourist shuttle flights to Agra, Khajuraho, Varanasi and back from Delhi.
Rail : Agra is well connected by railroad. Agra is well connected by rail to Delhi, Varanasi and major cities of Rajasthan.
Road : Buses for Delhi, Jaipur, Mathura, Fatehpur-Sikri are available all the time.
Places to see
It is pure white marble formation, attains diverse shades at different times of the day and with altering seasons. The Taj was constructed in the 17th century by Shahjahan, the third Mughal emperor, in memory of his beloved wife, Mumtaz Mahal. Shahjahan loved his wife so much that after she deceased in 1631, he determined to commemorate their love in the form of the Taj.
This magnificent fort is located on the banks of River Yamuna, to the northwest of the Taj Mahal, started by Emperor Akbar followed by Jehangir and Shahjahan as its potential supporter who supplemented rose-red sandstone and marble buildings to it respectively. Within the premises of the fort houses many imaginative palaces such as the Jahangir Palace and the Khas Mahal, audience halls, such as the Diwan-i-Khas; and two very beautiful mosques.
The first Mughal gardens laid by Babur in 1558, half a km from Chini Ka Rauza, were planned carefully in Persian style. They were then named as Bagh-i-Gul Afshan.
Itmad-ud-Daulah’s tomb is a highly ornate edifice, which is looked upon as an imminent precursor of the Taj Mahal, as far as elaborate carvings and inlay work are concerned. The tomb marks a significant departure from the tombs of the Mughal dynasty built before its construction.
Dayal Bagh Temple
This is the Samadhi of the Radha Swami, the founder of a exclusive religion, in white marble that tried to find all religions under one parasol and sermonizes unity of mankind. The construction of this temple is not estimated to be finished until sometime next century.
The city is known as the land of Lord Krishna, Brijbhoomi, located near Agra. In Vrindavan, renowned Govind Dev Temple, the Ranganathan temple and the ISKCON temple are worth visiting. In Gokul, the 84 pillared or the Nand Maharaja’s house is worth seeing. The city is situated on the borders of river Yamuna, is a major pilgrimage center of Hindus. Vrindavan is one more city that still tells the stories of Lord Krishna, Radha and Gopis. The festival of colors and fun, at Barsana the holi is played in a unique form.
The tranquil quiescent place of the great Mughal ruler Akbar, at Sikandra, is a place that calls you to dating back into history. Akbar’s tomb is located in the peaceful periphery of Sikandara 3 km away from Agra. Its design features are a little similar to the design of the Taj Mahal built later in Agra. It has a large domed entry and green lawns that surrounds the tomb. It is constructed in the Indo-Saracenic style.
The city of Fatehpur Sikri is located at a distance of 40 km from Agra. Fatehpur Sikri is the best example of the apex of Hindu and Muslim architecture. The Mosque at Fatehpur Sikri is said to be the imitation of the mosque in Mecca and has designs, derived from the Persian & Hindu architecture. Fatehpur Sikri is now a World Heritage site. A legend said that when Akbar was bestowed with a son, he decided to visit the Sufi Saint Sheikh Salim Chisti. Out of respect and in gratitude Akbar moved his capital city from Agra to Sikri. He decided to name his son Salim (later known as Jahangir) to memoralise this pal and to build a perfect city to honour the Saint. Fatehpur Sikri was completed in 1578. Today the city is a perfectly preserved example of Mughal architecture and includes the Buland Darwaza, the Jodha Bai’s Palace, the Diwan-i-Am, Diwan-i-Khas, Panch Mahal, Jama Masjid and the tomb of Saint Sheikh Salim Chisti, a tomb for the Sufi saint within the mosque, a prayer hall for the new religion called Din-i-Illahi started by Akbar and halls of public and private audience, the Diwan-i-am and Diwan-i-Khas are among the finest specimens of Mughal architecture.