Forts of Rajasthan

Amber Fort, Jaipur
It was built by Raja Man Singh Mirza Raja Jai Singh and Sawai Jai Singh in a built two centuries. It stands in north in Jaipur and was the capital or Kachhawah Rajputs for six centuries. This fort is a fusion of Rajput and Mughal styles. Here is a very beautiful shile mata temple worshiped by thousand of devotes. In this fort, there are many special things to see as Singh pole, Jaleb Chowk, Diwan-e-Aam, Genesh pole a garden char lag style, sukh niwas, jas mandir, beautiful interior scenery, Mohan bari or kesar kyari and the Dileram bagh etc.
Mehrangarh Fort, Jodhpur
The outstanding Mehrangarh Fort or the ‘Sun fort’ was founded by Rao Jodha in 1459 A.D., when he shifted his capital from Mandore on the advice of a hermit. The 5 kms long impressive fort perched on a 125 m high hill, above the city and overlooks the craggy and pebbly terrain. It is a reputed sentinel to the grandeur of the past, unconquerable and undaunted in its league with time. The entrance from Loha Pole s marked with sati handprints. Jodhpur’s chequered history provided its queens with several occasion to prove their fidelity. Marks of mortar balls fired by the invaders can still be seen on the fort walls (in the form of black coloured marks). There are several shrines commemorating the sacrifices of the brave Rajputs, who laid their lives while guarding the fort. The palace within is decorated with long intricately carved panels and latticed windows elegantly created from red stonework. There are also various residences and public offices in the fort. Within the fort are some magnificent palaces with spectacularly carved panels and latticed windows. Among those important are- Moti Mahal (Pearl Palace), Phool Mahal (Flower Palace) or Darbar-e-Khas (Hall of private audience), Sheesh Mahal (Mirror Palace), Sileh Khana and Daulat Khana with a rice varied collection of palanquins, folk music instruments, costumes, furniture and an impressive armoury. The spectacular exhibits of antique cannons on the battlements near Chamunda Devi temple on the far end is the most popular Hindu shrine of the city and among the rarest in India. Large number of devotees visits the shrine especially during the Navratras.
The Fort or Sonar Killa, Jaisalmer
IIt was built in 1156 A.D. by Rawal Jaisal. The imposing golden hued fort or Sonar Killa is balanced elegantly atop the 80 metre high Trikuta Hill. It creates an illusion of growing out of a rock in an undulating sea of sand. The fort built in Jurassic sandstone has its base bordered by a wall of hard stone. The fortresses are in the from of half towers encircled by high tower and joined by broad walls.
The entire living area is will protected inside the ramparts of the fort supports the fortifications forming a double line of defense. It is approached through four gateways- the Ganesh Pol or the ‘Elephant Gate’, from the main market, followed by the Suraj Pol or the ‘Sun Gate’, Bhoota Pol or the ‘Haunted Gate’ and finally the Hava Pol or the ‘Wind Gate’. The Hava Pol placed sentry to the royal palaces and leads to the main inclusion, the Hall of Public Audience.. The fort has an enchanting cob-web of narrow lanes dotted with many intricately carved havelis (mansions), which have become the major attraction of the museum city. It also has several ancient beautifully sculptured Hindu and Jain temples dating back to 12th – 15th century A.D.
Junagarh Fort, Bikaner
Raja Rai Singh, one of the most outstanding generals of Emperor Akbar, had the credit to build an invincible fort, in 1588 A.D. It has the peculiarity of residual unconquered. The fort is formidable structure encircled by a moat and many palaces within, pavilions, and temples made of red sandstone and marble with kiosks and balconies. Gigantic columns, arches and graceful screens grace the places of the fort. The ‘Karan Pole’ is the main entrance facing to the east. Next to it is ‘Suraj Pol or ‘Sun Gate’. Some of the notable monuments within the parapets are Anup Mahal, Ganga Niwas and Rang Mahal or ‘Palace of Pleasure’. The outstanding Har Mandir is the place, where members of royal family worshipped. Chandra Mahal or ‘Moon Palace’ is decked with wonderful paintings on the lime plaster walls and the Phool Mahal or the ‘Flower Palace’ is decorated with inset mirror work. Other central sites worth seeing are Durbar Hall, Gaj Mahdir, Sheesh Mahal or ‘Mirror Chamber’ and Karan Mahal etc. The fort also houses a rich collection of the artiparticulars of the region and several centuries old antiques in its museum.
Ranthambhor Fort, Sawai Madhopur
Ranthambhor’s royal past manifests itself in the well-preserved imposing fort, built in 994 A.D. atop a steep high creek 200 metres above sea level. Ruined pavilions, walls, chhatris and splendid monuments are interspersed
within the majestic fort. An 8th century A.D. Ganesh temple on an open land attracts thousands of devotees and is the venue for an annual fair held on. Bhadrapad Sudi Chaturthi, fourth day of the bright half, in the month of Bhadra.
Bala Killa or The Alwar Fort, Alwar
This ancient fort perched on a steep cliff, about 304 meters high has been a standing sentinel to the crumbling history of valour and chivalry. It is believed to be constructed by Hasan Khan Mewati in 1492 AD and later occupied by the Jats and Mughals. In 1775 AD, the fort was conquered by Maharao Raja Pratap Singh, the founder of Alwar state. The huge fort extends about 5 km from north to south and 1.6 km from east to west. It has 15 large and 51 small tower with 446 loopholes for musketry. There are six entrances to the fort named Jai Pol, Suraj Pole, Laxman Pole, Chad Pole, Kishan Pole and Andheri Pole.
Lohagarh or the ‘Iron Fort, Bharatpur
This unconquerable fort is true to its tough name, as it sustained itself by many British attacks, and frustrated them to the end. It is quite different from the others forts of State. The fort was conceived and designed by Maharaja Surajmal, the founder of Bharatpur. There is no lavishness associated to the fort, but it generates an aura of strength and magnificence. The fort is bordered with a moat which used to be filled with water to defend against the enemy attacks. The sandy parapet was strengthened by sandy battlements, which made the enemy guns ineffective. The fort has some fine monuments like Kishori Mahal, Mahal Khas and Kothi Khas. Moti Mahal and towers like Jawahar Burj and Fateh Burj were erected to memorialize the victory over the Mughals and the British army. The gateway is festooned with paintings of huge elephants.
Bundi Durg or Taragarh or The Star Fort, Bundi
The white coloured taragarh or the ‘Star Fort’ is crowning the thickly wooded hill. It was built in 1354 A.D. by Rao Raja Bar Singh and its unique structure makes it almost invincible. In 18th century, when the State was governed through Jaipur state, an outer wall was added to the fort by Fozdar Dalil of Jaipur. There are several exciting monuments within the fort. The centrally located Bheem Burj is the highest Burj (tower) of the fort. Adjoining to the Bheem Burj is a cenotaph resembling the 84 columned cenotaph, which was built by Bhai Deva, the brother of Bheem Rao, Anirudh Singh. There is also a vast reservoir which supplied water to the palace. Today, the extraordinary fort is one of the major tourist attractions of the region.
The Garh Palace, Bundi
This is the believed to be finest monument of pure Rajput architecture. The construction of this outstanding palace was started by Maharana Balwant Singh. The palace is approached by a steep, tiled carriage way, through the Hazari Pol or the ‘Gate of the Thousand’, the Naubat Khana and the Hathi Pol with its ol water clock are some other places of concern inside the palace. Prior permission is required to visit the Palace.