Goa is located on the western coast of India in the coastal belt known as Konkan. Goa was enlightened by the Indian Army from Portuguese colonisation on December 19, 1961 and became a Union Territory along with the enclaves of Daman and Diu. On May 30, 1987 Goa was bestowed statehood and became the 25th state of the Indian Republic.
Goa is encircled by the state of Maharashtra on the north, the state of Karnataka on the south and east. The huge stretch of the Arabian Sea on the west shapes the wonderful shoreline for which Goa is renowned. Popularly known as “Tourist Paradise”. The superb picturesque attractiveness and the architectural splendour of its temples, churches and old houses have made Goa a stiff favourite with travellers around the world.
The main food in Goa is fish and rice, both among the Hindus and the Catholics.
Particulars about Goa
Area : 3700 sq. kms.
Altitude : 1022 ft above sea level.
Temperature : 32 0C-21 0C.
Rainfall : 320 cms.
Clothing : Summer : Tropical, Winter : Light Woollens.
Language : English, Konkani and Marathi & Hindi.
Best Seaason : September-March.
How to get there
Airways : Goa is serviced by an international/national airport located at Dabolim near Vasco.
Railways : Well connected by train facility with different cities.
Roadways : An intra-state and inter-state bus network also plays an important role in getting locals and visitors alike in and around Goa.
Places to see
This exhuberent and wonderful waterfall is located in the high peaks of the Western Ghats at Sanguem taluka and provide a spectacle view to see especially in the monsoons when it is in bursting and enraged flow. The waterfall emerges like tributaries of milk hastening down the edge from a distance. It is a great place for a day packed of excitement and gambol.
The Portuguese terms the city “Panjim” and after freedom it has changed its name to “Panaji”. It is the state capital situated on the banks of the Mandovi river. There are two older segments of the city presented today, one identified as “Fontainhas” and the other “Sao Tome”. It is an educational, commercial and cultural center of Goa.
In the 16th century, the structure was the palace of Adil Shah (the Sultan of Bijapur). The Portuguese took over the palace and built the Viceregal Lodge in 1615. In 1843, the structure became the Secretariat, and today it is the Passport Office. The Goa Medical College used to be located here (since moved to Bambolim) and so do the Goa College of Pharmacy, the Goa College of Art and the Government Polytechnic. Other noteworthy places are The Kala Academy, and a number of theater complexes, fine government buildings along the riverside boulevard, and the Passport Office.
Beaches in Goa
Beautiful and attractive beaches are the only symbol of Goa. The extensive golden stretch mixes with the blue water of Arabian Sea are ideal for sun bathing and beach parties, sea bathing, sun-tan and water-sports. The following beaches are the most common and unique.
Beaches in South Goa
The south Goa beach circuit begins from Margao, the second most important city in Goa. Beginning from Majorda beach, a 20 kms long silvery white sand stretches across till the headland of Cabo de Rama. Velsao, Majorda, Betalbatim, Colva, Benaulim, Varca, Cavelossim, Mobor, Betul and Palolem beaches are all interconnected.
Beaches in North Goa
This stretch begins from the headland of Fort Aguada just outside Panaji city and moves up north towards the border to Maharashtra. Right from the Fort Aguada Beach Resort, an interrupted stretch of sand lies awaiting tourists, sunbathers and party animals. Sinquerim, Candolim, Calangute, Baga, Anjuna, Vagator, Morjim, Miramar, Aguada and Arambol are the beaches that can be covered in the North Goa Circuit.