The city consists of three large areas, called Lashkar, Morar and Gwalior. Lashkar administers in trade movement while Morar performs as a market for the farmers and villagers of adjacent areas. Gwalior, little India within India. The Gwalior Maharaja was close to the British for the duration of the agitation but his companies sided with the radicals who had laid their hands on the city. Gwalior changed control from the Tomars to Lodhis of Delhi. Then it was lined by the Mughals and finally the Marathas. Each period and monarch left their hunch on this city. Gwalior is a city where the rich cultural traditions intermingle with modern life.
Facts about Gwalior
Temperature : Summer : 46 0C, Winter : 5 0C
Language : Hindi & English
Rainfall : June to Auguat-Septmber
Best time to visit : October to March
How to get there
Air : This city has its own airport 8 kms away. Flights connect Gwalior with the other cities of India. Gwalior is barely 321 kms from Delhi.
Rail : The Gwalior Railway Station lies within the city area. It is on the main Delhi-Mumbai and Delhi-Chennai rail link.
Road : By road also this city is linked with other cities in India. Gwalior is well linked with Agra (118 km), Mathura, Jaipur (350 km), Delhi (321 km), Lucknow, Bhopal (423 km), Chanderi (239 km), Indore (486 km), Jhansi (101 km), Khajuraho (275 km), Ujjain (455 km) and Shivpuri (114 km).
-: Places to see :–
The Gwalior Fort
Massive Gwalior Fort, widely called Gibraltar of India, was constructed by Raja Mansingh Tomar in the 15th century, perched on a hilltop observing the city of Gwalior. The outer wall of the fort stands 1.86 miles in length and 300 ft in height. A steep road goes upwards to the fort, surrounded by statues of the Jain Tirthankaras, carved into the rock face. The great Mughal Emperor Babur most likely illustrated it as the pearl in the necklace of the forts of Hind.
The palace was built by Man Singh Tomar between 1486 and 1517, is a subtle structure show signs of delight and desert through use of color, pattern and drawing. Huge chambers with excellent stone screens were once the music halls, and behind these screens, the royal ladies would learn music. Man Mandir reveals Man Singh’s artistic awareness, Gujari Mahal speaks of his love. The palace has been now converted in a museum and addresses very good collection of Jain and Hindu artifacts. The sculptures are distinctly north Indian.
This newly constructed temple is based on the appearance of the Konark temple, located near the Residency at Morar.
The Sas-Bahu temples
In another part of the Fort, is a 9th century temple. The Sas-Bahu temple was possibly called the Sahastra Bahu (another name for Vishnu) temple. Sas-Bahu is the name customarily given to two adjacent temples of varied sizes. The larger of the two is profusely sculpted with graceful figures and obscure patterns.
Cenotaphs to former Scindia rulers are implemented in the typical Bundelkhandi style with conical spires and heavily carved exteriors.
Tomb of Tansen
This memorial is a part of Gwalior’s enriching legacy. Founder of Indian classical music and one of the nine Gems in Akbar’s quad is obscured in Gwalior. The cenotaph has a very simple tone in itself and is bordered by gardens on its sides. Every year a music festival is organised in November / December and attracts singers and musicians from all over India.
Other places worth visiting are Shivpuri, Datia, Orchha, Narwar, Chander, Pawaya and Tigra Dam.