Facts About Jaisalmer
Area : 5.1 sq. km.
Altitude: 225 meters
Languages : Hindi, Rajasthani & English.
Temperature : Summer Mean Max. 41.6 0C mean Min. 25.0 0C, Winter Mean Max. 23.6 0C Mean Min. 10.9 0C.
Rainfall : 15 cms.
Clothing : Summer : Tropical, Winter : Woollens.
Best Season : August-March.
How to get there
Airways : Connected by air. Nearest and convenient airport is Jodhpur (285 kms).
Railways : Connected by train service with major cities of the country through Jodhpur.
Roadways : Jaisalmer is well connected by road with major cities in and around Rajasthan and in India.
Places to visit
The Fort or Sonar Killa
Rawal Jaisal built it in 1156 A.D. The imposing fort is unbiased gracefully atop the 80 metre high Trikuta Hill. The citadel is in the from of half towers bordered by high tower and joined by broad walls. It is preceded through four gateways- the Ganesh Pol or the ‘Elephant Gate’, from the main market, followed by the Suraj Pol or the ‘Sun Gate’, Bhoota Pol or the ‘Haunted Gate’ and finally the Hawa Pol or the ‘Wind Gate’. It also has several ancient beautifully sculptured Hindu and Jain temples of 12th – 15th century A.D.
This structure was escalating from the Badal Vilas palace complex. It is adorned with beautiful ‘Taazias’, which is an architectural marvel and attraction of the town. It keeps a great apologetic value for the Muslim. The lavishly carved tower is passed in procession during the Moharram by Muslims.
The fort confines have seven richly carved and decorated Jain temples, dating back to the 11th-15th centuries dedicated to the Jain Tirthankara- Rishbhdevji, Sambhavnathji, Parswanathji, Sri Ashtapadi temple, Chintamani Paraswanathji temple, Sri Sheetalnath temple, Sri Chandraswami temple and Sri Mahaveer Swami temple etc. These temples were built from donations of wealthy Marwri trademen. The intricate carvings in the temples are encouraged by Indian mythology.
Gyan Bhandar or Library
A documented and extensive library boards some of the oldest and rarest manuscripts in India as part of Jain temples of the fort.
It is the main market, placed outside the fort, bustling with activity throughout the day.
The well-known havelis have magnetism for the tourist. These elegantly carved latticed havelis with arresting fascia are construction of rich cultural heritage and outstanding craftsmanship of Jaisalmer.
Patwon ki Haveli : It was built by the five sons of Guman Chand Patawa, a rich brocade merchant. It is a model example of Rajputana architecture. The construction began in 1800 A.D. and took 50 years to complete. It is the largest five storeyed and one of the most intricate havelis of Jaisalmer.
Nathmalji ki Haveli : Two brothers Lalu and Hathi established admirable craftsmanship by carving this splendid haveli. The most special information concerning to the carving is that the brothers worked separately, one on the right side and other on the left side. The result was an absolute work of art personification the side-by-side evenness during construction.
Salim Singhji ki Haveli : This perceptible dwelling belonged to Salim Singh Mohta, the denoted Prime Minister during 18th century. Its superior story has complex visionary balcony supported by carved brackets girder style. The roof is bedecked by unique beautiful blue cupolas with superbly carved brackets in the form of peacocks.
Badal Vilas – Mandir Palace
Badal Vials or ‘Cloud Palace’ is the present home of the former royal family. The superb palace complex is sited near the Amar Sagar Gate.
Gadisar or Gadsisar Lake
This rain fed artificial lake was significant source of drinking water also called as the oasis of the desert. The Rawal himself used to approach here and manage the fair allotment of water. It has emerged as an outstanding picnic spot with boating facilities.
An outstanding gateway to the eminent Gadisar lake. The gateway and ghats were built by a famous courtesan and singer from a neighboring area, who was the dear of a Bhati prince.
Museums Folklore Museum
It was established in 1984 A.D., by N.K. Sharma, a local specialist and demonstrates the rich cultural heritage of paintings, photographs, costumes, hairstyles and jewellery. This museum of folk culture or ‘Sanskritik Sangrahalaya’, is set on the banks of Gadisar Lake in Mehar Bagh garden.
It is located at Police Line road near Moomal Hotel and was inaugurated in 1984 A.D. The museum houses a huge gathering of wood and marine fossils. Great India Bustard and Tilor, the famous desert birds have also been displayed in a glass case.
Desert National Park
Sand dunes form less than 20 percent of the Park, which consists of rocks and pavements representing an excellent example of the ecosystem of the Thar Desert. Its inhabitants include the blackbuck, chinkara, wolf, desert fox and desert cat. Blue tailed and green bee-eaters, common and bush quail and Indian rollers are birds, which are commonly found around waterholes. The park is also home to the great Indian Bustard which is extinction.