The city was founded by Rao Jodha, chief of Rathore clan of Rajputs, in 1459 A.D. It was surrounded by 10 kms long wall, with eight gates facing in different directions and untold fortress. Due to extensive development of city, only the remnants of the wall can be noticed only at few places. The city is also known for its flourishing handicraft industry. The city is lushed with ample of fine sweet shops and restaurants as the Jodhpuri cuisine is also observes in itself as people over here are fond of delicacies. Tasting a hot mirchi bada and mouth-watering mawe ki kachori is considered a must for every tourist.
Particulars About Jodhpur
Area : 29 sq. km.
Altitude : 236.53 metres.
Temperature : Summer Mean Max. 42.20C Mean Min 36.60C.
Rainfall : 31.87 cms.
Languages : Marwari, Hindi & English.
Clothing : : Summer : Light Tropical, Winter : Woollen.
Best Season : October-March.
How to get there
Airways : Connected with Delhi, Mumbai, Jaipur & Udaipur.
Railways: Well connected with important cities of India.
Roadways: Well connected with major cities of India as Delhi (597 kms), Udaipur (260 kms), Jaipur (336 kms).
Places to visit
This was established by Rao Jodha in 1459 A.D. and perched on a hill top, when he shifted his capital from Mandore on the advice of a hermit. The entrance from Loha Pole is marked with sati handprints. Marks of mortar balls fired by the invaders can still be seen on the fort walls (in the form of black coloured marks). The palace within is decorated with long intricately carved panels and latticed windows elegantly created from red stonework. Among those important are- Moti Mahal (Pearl Palace), Phool Mahal (Flower Palace) or Darbar-e-Khas (Hall of private audience), Sheesh Mahal (Mirror Palace), Sileh Khana and Daulat Khana.
The imposing white marble memorial marks the site of a royal crematorium was built in 1889 A.D. in the remembrance of Maharaja Jaswant Singh II. Inside the cenotaphs are fine portraits of various successive rulers of Jodhpur. These four cenotaphs observed notable acts of bravery, generosity of the four successive rulers.
Timings 09.00 to 17.00 hrs.
Umaid Bhawan Palace
This embellished palace was built by Maharaja Umaid Singh in 20th century A.D. It is also known as Chittar Palace due to the use of local chittar stone in its construction. A segment of the palace has been transformed in a hotel and remaining part as a museum. This display model of aeroplanes, weapons, antique clocks and bob watches, priceless crockery and hunting trophies. Both sections retain the ambience of royal splendour.
Girdikot and Sardar Market
It is situated in the heart of the city near Clock tower, full of throbbing activities and dynamism. The busy narrow lanes around are dotted with tiny shops deal in handicraft items. This is popular for a wide range of handicraft, exquisite Rajashani textiles, clay figurines of camels and elephants, marble curios with inlay work and exquisite Rajasthani silver jewellery.
Maha Mandir Temple
The glorious temple is sited on the Mandore road, is recognized for its architectural splendour, built in 1812 A.D. The complete structure is maintained by 84 intricately carved pillars, adorned with detailed designs and figures demonstrating various posture of yoga. This shrine is quite exclusive and unique in style.
It is nestled in the middle of the Umaid Public Garden. The museum exhibits a rich collection armoury, textiles, local arts and crafts, miniature paintings, portraits, manuscripts and images of Jain Tirthankaras. Umaid Public Garden houses a zoo also. Timing : 10.00 to 16.30 hrs (Friday closed).
The Ossian city located near Jodhpur, is an ancient city lying in ruins. It is approximately 65 Kms from Jodhpur. The main attractions of this city are its beautifully designed and constructed temples.
Jain temples belong to 8th and 12th century. Surya (Sun) temple and the Sachiya Mata temple are famous for their beauty. In 8th – 12th century, this town was a great trading center. Today, it is an oasis in the desert of Rajasthan. The Ossian city is also known for its camel rides.While in Osian look at for lovely sunsets and camel rides.
Beside these places, others noteworthy are Balsamand lake, Mandore gardens, Kailana lake, Dhawa, Rohet Garh and Luni Fort.