Mumbai, ‘The gateway to India’, previously known as Bombay, located on a peninsula on the west coast of India. It is the capital of the Indian state of Maharashtra. In the 17th century the Portuguese came and dotted the island with several forts, which exists today. In 1661, Mumbai was finally abandoned to Charles II of England and ultimately developed into one the largest ports in the British Empire. It is one of the best busiest ports in India sharing 40% of the trade. The urban and educated people are greatly influenced by western culture. The glamour and career scenario magnetize a large number of business voyagers to Mumbai.
Particulars about Mumbai
Area: 440 sq. kilometers / 170 sq. Miles
Altitude : 8 meters average
Temperature: A little seasonal fluctuation due to the sea. Humidity is often is very high. Temperature ranges between 19 0C to 34 0C.
Rainfall : 216 cms. (June and September)
Best Season: October -March
Clothing: Summer-cottons, Winter-Light Woolen.
Languages: Hindi, English and Marathi.
How to get there
Air: Travel to Mumbai is relatively easy as there is an extensive network of flights from Mumbai’s Sahara (International) and Santa Cruz (Domestic) airports. International flights connect it to all the major cities of the world.
Train: Mumbai has trains connecting it to all the major cities of the country. Intra city trains in Mumbai are very good and are the fastest and cheapest way to move around in Mumbai.
Road: Mumbai is well connected to all the cities of Maharashtra by bus. Intra city bus services are also very good.
Places to visit
This structure has been the base of the Library Society of Mumbai which motivated into the Town Hall in 1830 with its columns and tall Grecian porticos.
Situated in South-Bombay, this is a tourist preferred location.
Some established commercial centre of Mumbai has occupied the site of the old British built fort and The Bombay Stock Exchange on the famous Dalal Street is one of the many establishments.
Marine Drive moves along the shoreline of the Arabian Sea from Nariman Point to the foot of Malabar Hill built in 1920. It’s one of most popular idealistic spot and incredible sunset point. It is sometimes called the Queen’s Necklace. This is place where most of south Mumbai comes to breathe in some fresh air.
It is an extended sandy beach and catches the attention of flocks of people during the weekends and on holidays. It is a great place to witness the annual Ganesh Chaturthi Festival in August/September when large images of the Lord Ganesha are immersed in the sea.
It is situated 30 km away from the city, a crowded beach with residential apartments and bungalows surrounding it. The entire population of the adjacent area slides down on the beach for a breath of clean air.
Mumba Devi Temple
This temple is dedicated to Goddess Mumbadevi, the patron of Mumbai city. The city derives its name from this sixth century old temple.
Balanced at the top of Malabar Hill, provide lovely sunset views over the Arabian Sea. The park was laid out in the early 1880s over Bombay’s main reservoir.
Gateway of India
The traditional arch is 26 m, Mumbai’s most famous landmark, built in 1927 A.D. to memorialize the visit of King George V and Queen Mary for the Delhi Durbar in 1911 A.D.
Prince Charles Museum
It consists of 3 main sections: Art, Archeology and Natural History which are built in the Indo-Saracenic style of structural design to honour King George V’s visit to India. It has an excellent collection of Chinese Jade pieces, miniature paintings and oil paintings.
Founded by Sir Cowasjee Jehangir Ready money, after whom is named the earlier of the two structures, was designed by Sir Gilbert Scott.
Rajabai Clock Tower (Mumbai University)
The 280 ft. high tower is situated at the gardens of Mumbai university building. It consists of 5 elaborately decorated storeys, and commands a fine view of the city.
Haji Ali’s Mosque
Situated in between the Arabian Sea. This early 18th century shrine enclosed the tomb of Hazrath Haji Ali, a Muslim Sufi saint.
Bombay High Court
Col. J. A. Fuller designed this building in early English Gothic style.
Sir J. J. School Of Art
Built during the same period as the University.
It is the only international-style enjoyment centre sited close to Gorai Beach. The entrance fee usually takes care of a fixed number of rides. There is crowdy in summer but the place also proposes low budget monsoon packages and special transactions on weekends.
It is locally known as Bollywood. It churns out over 900 films every year, all packed with those mandatory elements of song, dance, melodrama, violence and erotica that audiences love.
Other places to Visit in Mumbai are Malabar Hills, Prince of Wales Museum, Chhatrapati Shivaji Terminus, Places of Worship in Mumbai, Crawford market and Kalba Devi market, Siddhivinayak Temple, Jain Temple, Mahalaxmi Temple and St. John’s Church.
Elephanta-World Heritage Site
Legends are still alive here in stones. The cave compound is a compilation of shrines, courtyards, inner cells, grand halls and porches arranged in the impressive equilibrium of Indian rock-cut architecture and filled with delicate stone sculptures of Hindu Gods and Goddesses. It was named Elephanta by the Portuguese, who took ownership of it. The ‘City of Caves’, on an island in the Sea of Oman close to Bombay, contains a collection of rock art linked to the sect of Shiva.
Also known as the sparkler of the Sahyadri Mountains, a Hill station in Maharashtra. It is situated on a height of 625 m. above sea level and a popular gateway from Mumbai and Pune. It is also an attraction point for tourists involved in visiting the famous, ancient Buddhist rock cut caves of Bhaja and Karla, situated near this hill station. The mountainous terrain of Lonavala is ideal for trekking and hiking. Tugauli, Lonavala and Bhushi lakes are worth visiting. The small hill station of Khandala is just 5 km away. Travellers coming from Mumbai pass through Khandala before reaching Lonavala. Other attractions are Kaivalyadhama Yoga Hospital with a research center and a training college, rock-cut cave temples dating back to 2nd century BC.
The city of Aurangabad was founded in 1610, on the site of a village, Khirki by Malik Ambar – the Prime Minister of Murtaza Nizam Shah II. When Fateh Khan, Malik Ambar’s son turned successor in 1626, he gave the city the name ‘Fatehpur’. Later in 1653, when Prince Aurangzeb became Viceroy of the Deccan, he made the city his capital and called it Aurangabad. There are four principle gateways to the city – the Delhi Darwaza, the Jalna Darwaza, the Paithan Darwaza and the Mecca Darwaza.
Ajanta caves: 100 km from Aurangabad, situated in an inner crease of the Sahyardi hills in the shape of an enormous horse- shoe, are the 30 rock-hewn caves of Ajanta.
Ellora Caves: It is 30 km from Aurangabad city. There are 34 cave temples, 12 Mahayana Buddhist caves, 17 Hindu caves and 5 caves of the Jain faith, 22 more caves dedicated to Lord Shiva, were recently discovered.
Aurangabad Caves: The approximately elapsed caves of Aurangabad stretch out just exterior the city. These were discovered between the 2nd and 6th century AD. There are nine caves which are mainly viharas (monasteries).
Daulatabad Fort: This glorious 12th century fort located on a hill just 13 kms from Aurangabad, Once known as ‘Devgiri’.
It is a holy place for the Hindus, just about 144 kms from Aurangabad. A large number of tourists come here throughout the year to visit the sacred shrine of Shirdi Sai Baba.
It is the only example of Moghul architecture of its kinds in the Deccan plateau, which is a duplication of the Taj Mahal, built in 1679 by Emperor Aurangazeb’s son, in tribute to his mother, Begum Rabia Durani.
Worth seeing spots are Panchakki (WaterMill), Mhaismal, Ghrishneshwar, Jama Masjid, Kali Masjid, Shah Ganj Mosque, Chauk Masjid and Lal Masjid.